Viral Hepatitis

HEALTH INFORMATION

Health Information

Information

Hepatitis can be caused by alcohol, drugs, chemicals, genetic diseases and virus. In Hong Kong, viral Hepatitis is more commonly seen.

There are at least 6 viruses that can cause infective Hepatitis, namely Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and G viruses.

Hepatitis A and E are transmitted by contaminated food and water;


While Hepatitis B, C, and G on the other hand are transmitted by blood or body fluids.

Know more about Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C


Some questions about Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis C is a viral infection predominantly spread through contact with an infected person’s blood. Injecting drug users would be at higher risk of contracting HCV, particularly when they have shared needles or injecting equipment with others.

By quitting drugs and staying abstinence, you’ve done a great job to keep yourself away from the infection risks. Yet people who have been infected with Hep. C could go years or even decades without knowing the infection, before it develops into symptoms and complications like cirrhosis (liver scaring) and irreversible liver damage. That’s why it is important for people with risk factors for Hep. C (such as needle sharing while shooting drugs or direct blood contact with others) to get tested.

The major transmission risk of HCV is by blood contact (>80%). Contracting HCV by sex intercourse or mother-to-child transmission is possible, but rare.

Medication such a Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin can be used in the treatment of Hepatitis C. Treatment should take into consideration of severity of disease, contraindications, and likelihood of successful response.