Sexually Transmitted Infections

HEALTH INFORMATION

HEALTH INFORMATION

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) can be caused by virus or bacteria.

Only sexual contact (oral sex, vaginal sex and anal sex) can transmit STIs, social contact cannot cause any infections.

5 common STIs in Hong Kong

Non-Gonococcal Urethritis/ Non-Specific Genital Infection

Symptoms

Genital pain, transparent discharge


Impact

Epididymitis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Infertility


Treatment

Chlamydia trachomatics and NGU can be cured using course of antibiotics under doctor’s instruction.

Gonorrhea

Symptoms

Thick milk-like or yellow-green urethral discharge, pain during sex, burning feeling when urinates


Impact

Infection in the testicles, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Infertility


Treatment

Can be cured by using antibiotics under doctor’s instruction.

Genital Herpes

Symptoms

Cluster of tiny fluid-filled blisters, itching, tingling


Impact

Reoccurrence, women can pass the infection to their babies during childbirth, causing encephalitis or even death of the babies


Treatment

No cure.

Medications can eliminate discomfort of the symptoms.

Genital Wart

Symptoms

Small non-itchy or painless lumps, cauliflower-shaped lumps without pain


Impact

HPV, higher chance lead to cervical cancer(female)/ penile cancer(male)


Treatment

No cure.

Can be treated by chemical freezing or laser therapy.

Syphilis

Symptoms

Phase 1:

(occur in 10-90days after infection)

Painless sores appears, will automatically disappear later.

Phase 2:

(occur 9 months-1 year after infection)

Systemic rash

Phase 3:

(occur more than a year after infection)

Affect brain functioning, spinal cord and heart, causing blindness, paralysis and even death.


Impact

Damage the central nervous system, resulting in the case of syphilitic psychosis and cause death.


Treatment

Curable by using antibiotics.

Prevention

  1. Use condom properly every time.
  2. Limit the number of sex partners.

Some Questions about STIs

There is no evidence that STIs could cause temperature rise in vagina. Instead, many STIs are asymptomatic, meaning that it’s not uncommon for infected people to pass the infections to others without knowing it.

Similarly, there is no such evidence to support this method as effective way to identify STI. What is proven and well recognized is that persistent and proper use of condom can significantly reduce the risk of transmission during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It’s the most reliable way to keep you healthy and safe.

Some people are potentially at risk of contracting STIs due to increases numbers of partners and sexual contacts. Sex workers are one of those kinds. However, a single act of unprotected sexual intercourse may be enough for transmission of your partner is infected with HIV and STIs, regardless of his/her profession, age, ethnicity and so on. Only get tested for HIV can let us know about our HIV statuses.

STIs – including HIV – can be transmitted through oral sex. While the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex is generally considered less than those associated with vaginal or anal sex, it is still possible. If the receiving partner has wounds or open sores on or in their mouths or bleeding gums, or if the giving partner has wounds or open sores on their sex organs, this poses an increased risk of transmission. So consider using condom or dental dam while having oral sex with your partner to protect each other.